Sunday, May 24, 2020

Barbie Growing Pains as the American Girl Goes Global...

Xiao-Hu WANG April 8, 2011 4-page paper: Case study of Global Marketing Barbie: Growing Pains as the American Girl Goes Global 1. Describe Mattel’s global marketing strategy for Barbie and assess its success. Does management demonstrate that it understands and embraces the needs to â€Å"think global and act local†? Mattels success should be attributed to its representation of American culture, and its Curated Consumption of its products, for example: when parents buy a Barbie doll to the children, it is easily acceptable price position and start , but after purchase it, the parents are bound to face follow-up to buy other clothing products linked to the Barbie doll, thereby it is enable to expand business ; in the aspects of global†¦show more content†¦How important is culture in dictating children’s toy preferences? Will cultural differences result in failure for Mattel as the company faces new competitors in the Middle East? We think Mattel lost in the Middle East, not only because of marketing strategy factors, but also the differences between the cultural values and the region represented by their products which is too large, or even it’s inacceptable. According to the Mattel’s Barbie, when further American culture his product represents, in a situation where in the area of the Middle East has generally hostile to the United States, as well as the differences in religious belief, its cultural values representative product is much harder purchased by local consumers, which can obviously be proved that the culture has an important influence to the product and the Marketing. As the article mentioned, some people in the Middle East even regard the Barbie as the same level of bomb, they worry about these products would influence the children’s cultural values. People in the Middle East believe generally Koran; the scriptures teach the people diligence, honesty, etc†¦ in addition to Barbie’s blonde hair is out of tune with his body, the Cadillac’s car and handsome boyfriend with the suit and tie is more contrary to their concept of the Koran, could also foresee the resistance

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Main Features Of The Welfare State - 1638 Words

A welfare state is a system in which the government provides benefits and services to its citizens intended to improve their well being, by providing for the social and economic security of the population. (Jary and Jary, 1995) This essay will explore the key features of the Welfare State from 1945 to 1970, analysing how effective they were at combating the ‘five giants’. The Second World War had a large effect on society. The whole nation had experienced such a terrible and traumatic time. There seemed to be a shift in public and political aspirations and a strong sense of solidarity. (Giddens and Sutton, 2013) Many men and women had volunteered their time during the war and it was the general consensus that these individuals should have something that was worth fighting for. (Harris, 1997) In early 1941 a committee of Social Insurance was set up to survey workmen’s compensation and social insurance. (Harris, 1997) One member on this committee was Sir William Beveridge. Beveridge is considered to be the founding father of the welfare state (Lovell and Cordeaux, 2000) In December 1941 he circulated the Heads Of Scheme paper, this focused on the inadequacies of the social security system at that time. (Timmins, 1995) The paper began with a key statement. This statement declared that a national health service, full employment and allowances for children were required in order for social security to work. This scheme was universal maintaining that all citizens had equalShow MoreRelatedPublic Services Funded By Taxpayer Money908 Words   |  4 Pagesdistinguishes each one from each other. In this paper, I will go through each term and how each and everyone is different from each other. First of all Socialism is a system of society in which the means of production are owned and controlled by the state. It mostly relies on governmental planning, preferably than the marketplace, to spread resources. Although it is possible for individuals living in a socialist country to own businesses or offer professional services directly to buyers, they are usuallyRead MoreCadbury : A Typical Example Of 19th Century Family Capitalism1364 Words   |  6 Pagesall of them acting the same way. Cadbury is an important example for 19th century family capitalism since it has its own special features. The propose of this essay is to determine that if Cadbury was a typical example of 19th Century family capitalism. The essay states that Cadbury was not a typical example of 19th century family capitalism. I will explain three main points on why Cadbury is not a typical example, because its time period, its non-paternalism and its expansion. Firstly, I would focusRead MoreThe History of th e First World War Essay611 Words   |  3 Pagestherefore praising the army, the people were very nationalistic. The war was caused by a buildup of nationalist ideas and growing tensions between countries. The people were bored and nationalism inspired the people to start wars. 2. What were the main · features of trench warfare for the troops involved? What would happen to people who managed to live through this experience? The troops had little food, lick grass for water, had to bear the sight of other’s deaths, as well as live under the thought thatRead MoreBusiness Ethics786 Words   |  4 Pagesare act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act utilitarianism states we must ask ourselves what the consequences of a particular act in a particular situation will be for all those affected. If its consequences bring more net good than those of any alternative course of action, then this action is the right one and the one we should perform. (Shaw and Barry, p. 60) The other form is rule utilitarianism. Rule utilitarianism states the utilitarian standard should be applied not to the individualRead MoreThe Existence And Persistence Of Poverty1458 Words   |  6 PagesThere are three main arguments believed to be the explanations for the existence and persistence of poverty. The first account is the Dependency-Based Explanation that puts the blame of poverty to the individual or to their cultural background. The Exclusion-Based Explanation and Structural-Based Explanation are the next two which establishes the society that condemns people to poverty. Dependency-based Explanation Individual Deficiency. This explanation views that poverty is caused by the individual’sRead MorePoverty Is The State Of Not For Poor, Single Parent Households And The Disabled1153 Words   |  5 PagesPoverty is the state of not having enough money or resources to maintain basic necessities (food, housing, and clothing) to survive. The government programs that are designed to alleviate poverty and help the poor are called â€Å"public welfare† or antipoverty programs. There is not just one public welfare program that exists, there are many. Each system is designed to benefit low-income groups and have their own targeted populace, characteristic, and/or need that it addresses. The most important programsRead MoreThe Social Welfare And Import Trade Of Britain And China1322 Words   |  6 PagesTitle analysis: This essay will compare the social welfare and import export trade of Britain and China, and will evaluate the causes and consequences of the differences. In recent years, the import and export trade has been one of the factors of the rapid economic development of many countries, by increasing the production inputs, labour inputs and technology investment, and promoting economic development. At the same time, with the continuous development of economy, countries ensure the harmoniousRead MoreChina s Reform Plan For Implementing Healthcare System Reform1359 Words   |  6 Pages China’s reform plan in 2009 Almost at the time, China released two important healthcare reform documents in 2009. The first, the State Council’s Opinions on Furthering Healthcare System Reform is a broad document that sets the reform framework through 2020. The second, the Ministry of Health’s Implementation Plan for Immediate Priorities in Healthcare System Reform, provides a more detailed map for the next three years. According to the China BusinessRead MoreBusiness Ethics-Written Assignment for Module 2 Essay1536 Words   |  7 Pagesuse examples. Act Utilitarianism and Rule Utilitarianism are the two different forms of utilitarianism that Shaw and Barry distinguish. Utilitarianism refers to the greatest happiness principle for the most amounts of people. Act utilitarianism â€Å"states that we must ask ourselves what the consequences of a particular act in a particular situation will be for all those affected. If its consequences bring more net good than those of any alternative course of action, then this action is the right oneRead MoreDifferences Between Sweden And Denmark1257 Words   |  6 Pagesnation is comprised of only about 43,000 square kilometers. Matched with its small population size of approximately 5.6 million inhabitants (for comparison, roughly the population of the State of Colorado). Cultural homogeneity, and the universalistic structures and ideological presumptions of the Danish welfare state on the other, are central to understanding immigration and integration in Denmark. Much of the modern Danish cultural mindset can be explained by the teachings and influence of a popular

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Problem Of Drug Addiction - 930 Words

Eighth grade is a time of mere adolescence. It has been recorded that â€Å"by 8th grade 28% of adolescents have consumed alcohol, 15% have smoked cigarettes, and 16.5% have used marijuana. † A drug can be defined as a something which â€Å"alters your mind or body that is not food † which is something all of these substances have in common. There has been a massive increase in underage consumption of illegal substances in the last several decades. These substances which young people are using are known for being very addictive. Addiction is much more likely to occur when started at a young age and having more severe consequences. Throughout history, a plethora of cultures have contributed to this problem of addiction which can be seen within their historical roots. The collective perception that drugs could cure almost anything when used for medicinal purposes was a major ignition to the overall issue. As more and more countries began to desire these various drugs as they became more available, the use of drugs spread rapidly through what is known today as the global drug trade. Through expansion of familiar substances known as coffee, and opium during the earlier centuries, the concept of addiction has evolved into what our society has become today. Use of drugs or illegal substances has been a recurring theme over the past centuries. Coffee was one of many early addictions. Originally discovered in Yemen, coffee gradually becomes a favorite among the people. There were severalShow MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Drug Addiction1233 Words   |  5 PagesThis report will outline the problems of drug addiction that have arisen in the young teens and as well give possible solutions on how to overcome it. Drug addiction, increasing immensely in our society, is currently the biggest problem in young teens these days. Looking at the future of our country drowning in drugs is a big disappointment. To prevent drug addiction parents should guide their child ren into the right path, schools should promote healthy living, and the government should step forwardRead MoreDrug Addiction Problem1399 Words   |  6 PagesSolving the Problem of Drug Addiction 1.Drug abuse and addiction continues to be a global issue. According to the â€Å"United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime† (UNODC), about 5% of the global population used an illicit drug in 2010 alone, and about 27 million or 0.6 percent of the adult population of the world can be categorized as drug abusers. A7 2.This paper explores some of the measures that can be taken to resolve the drug addiction problem in the world. 3.Addressing various risk and protectiveRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction974 Words   |  4 Pagesan addiction, whether a person is addicted to alcohol, methamphetamines, marijuana or over the counter drugs, people often have different sides to this. Some may say that an addiction is a disease; others say that an addiction is just a poor choice of a person’s life. The National Institute on Drug Abuse states that â€Å"†¦drug addiction is a complex disease, and quitting takes more than good intentions or a strong will. In fact, because drugs change the brain in ways that foster compulsive drug abuseRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction952 Words   |  4 Pagesperson initially taking drugs can vary and while the action itself is voluntary: the eventual drug addiction is essentially involuntary. Drug addiction is a complex and chronic disease, a brain disease, which changes the way the brain functions. Drug addiction, much like chronic illnesses such as heart disea se and diabetes, disrupts healthy, normal functioning organs. This has harmful consequences that are both preventable and treatable (Branch, 2011, pp.263-265). Drug addiction is considered a brainRead MoreThe Problems of Drug Addiction954 Words   |  4 PagesDrug addiction A reasonable number of people do not understand why other people get addicted to drugs. Some even associate drug abuse and addiction with lack of moral principles or willpower. People subscribing to this school of thought believe that drug addicts can stop using drugs by simply changing their behavior. They fail to realize that drug addiction is a complex disease whose eradication calls for many things other than changing habits. Drugs basically change the way a human brain worksRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction1796 Words   |  8 Pages Drug addiction has long been and still is a typical issue around the world. Jesmyn Ward writes about the effect of drug addiction in her community in DeLisle and the toll it took in her life and Rog’s life. There are different reason why people get addicted and various levels to which people become dependent on drugs, but the main thing I am going to be addressing is the multiple perspective on the causes for addiction. The ones I am going to explore are Low Income neighborhoods, social, financialRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction967 Words   |  4 PagesDrug addiction is an ever-growing problem faced in society and, although the government tries to take action to keep drugs off the streets, people of all social classes and backgrounds still fall victim to drug abuse. However, environmental situations can make an individual more susceptible: age, gender, location, genetics, family situations and the like can all be factors into an individuals’ drug habit. There are complications with picking the correct plan suited to a person. Each client is theirRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction1042 Words   |  5 PagesOPENING/ATTENTION: In reality, drug addiction is an unpredictable ailment, and stopping takes more than great goals or an in number will. Truth be told, because drugs change the mind in ways that cultivate compulsive drug misuse, stopping is troublesome, notwithstanding for the individuals why should prepared do as such The dependence on medications is a troublesome thing for any person to bargain with. Often, habit prompts the decay of a man s prosperity, budgetary security, and health. Drug addicts experienceRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction2110 Words   |  9 PagesMODEL(S) OF ADDICTION In going through the counseling process with Marge she was explained that there is the possibility that it could be a factor of genetics. When considering her background one has realized that she not only has an alcohol addiction, but it was the same for her father and her uncle, both of whom had lost their lives to the disease. In talking about the disease model with Marge she seemed to be more at ease with the situation and more willing to accept the fact that she does haveRead MoreThe Problem Of Drug Addiction Essay2435 Words   |  10 Pagesgoing to solve your problems? According to NIH, the death rate caused by usage of heroin has been increased by triple of its number in the past 10 years. The purpose is to treat people; especially teenagers understanding its negative consequences it has on them before they get addicted to it. When the addiction starts addicts have no idea that they would be so in to it that there is no possible way to stop. Addiction is a chronic, weakened disease characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and use despite

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility in the Workplace and the World free essay sample

Ethics and Corporate Responsibility in the Work Place and the World discusses one of the world’s most successful pharmaceutical companies that enjoys a reputation as a caring, ethical and well-run company which produces high-quality products that saves millions of lives and enhances the quality of life for millions of others. In this hypothetical scenario the following will be discussed. The stakeholders will be indentified. Analyze the ethics of PharmaCARE’s treatment of Colberia’s indigenous population and PharmaCARE’s rank-and-file workers versus that of its executives. Determine whether Allen could legally fire each of the three workers; Donna, Tom, and Ayesha. Suggest steps he should take to minimize the risks to his department and the company. Determine the whistle blowing opportunities, obligations, and protections that could benefit Allen. Assess PharmaCARE’s environmental initiative against the backdrop of its anti-environmental lobbying efforts and Colberian activities. Examine if this renders the company’s purported environmental stewardship better or worse and if the company’s public stance should carry an obligation to be a leader in environmental matters. Analyze the original purposes of and the changes to Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Determine which provision(s) of CERCLA apply to PharmaCARE in the scenario provided Stakeholders are those individuals and groups that have an investment, share, or interest in an organization. In this scenario that includes PharmaCARE, CompCARE a subsidiary of PharmaCARE, Wellco a large drugstore chain which purchased CompCARE, PharmaCARE’s management and investors, and the African nation of Colberia. Analyze the ethics of PharmaCARE’s treatment of the Colberia’s indigenous population and its rank-and-file workers versus that of its executives. PharmaCARE recently launched a new initiative, We CARE about YOUR world ®, pledging its commitment to the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives. This is in complete contrast to the treatment of the Colberians  and the rank-and-file workers of PharmaCARE. Publicly PharmaCARE displays an ethical persona of a green corporation that CAREs about YOUR world. The first contradictory example is the extremely low wages provided to the population of the underdeveloped nation of Colberia of 1.00 a day, harvesting plants by walking five miles into and out of the jungle carrying baskets that, when full, weigh up to fifty pounds. The second contradictory example is the nonchalant deterioration of the Colberian environment. The third contradictory example is management’s choice to ignore the plight of the production technician’s unhealthy work environment with mold around the air vents. Only compounded by the fact that PharmaCARE’s executives live in a luxury compound, complete with a swimming pool, tennis courts, and a golf course. The internal situation is immoral, unethical and socially irresponsible in the treatment of the Colberian’s and rank-and-file worker’s of PharmaCARE in stark contrast to PharmaCAREs executives. Determine whether Allen could legally fire Donna, Tom, and Ayesha and suggest steps he should take to minimize the risks to his department and the company. Donna, who had a perfect attendance record, got so sick she could no longer come to work due to chronic bronchial problems and eventually filed for worker’s compensation. Most employment relationships are at-will meaning an employer may terminate an employee at any time with or without cause. One exception to this rule is that an employer may not terminate an employee for filing a workers compensation claim. This type of retaliation is unlawful because injured workers are entitled by statute to compensation (LaMance, 2012). Allen’s best supervisor, Tom, threatened to complain to OSHA about the air quality in the lab. This situation falls into the same category as Donnas’, where this type of retaliation is also unlawful. Employees have the right to report an employer without the fear of losing their jobs (LaMance, 2013). One of the techs, Ayesha, filed an EEOC complaint alleging she had not been promoted to supervisor because she was a Muslim. In fact, although Ayesha was a very good worker, Allen did not believe she had the management or people skills necessary to be a good supervisor. As with Donna and Tom, Ayesha cannot be fired due to the fact she has filed a complaint with the EEOC and this would be classified as a retaliatory discharge when an employer fires an employee because they filed  a complaint against the company (Rivera, 2013). The steps Allen should take to minimize the risks to his department and the company would be to engage Human Resources in each of the situations and make sure all incidents are documented. The documentation needs to show all efforts that have been made to correct all safety violations. Allen also needs to document all interviews and reviews of Ayesha’s work and make specific notes regarding work habits and skills or lack of certain skills to support why she was not promoted. Lastly, Allen should also correct the mold problem in the facility. By engaging Human Resources to aid in conflict resolution Allen is fulfilling the company’s obligations to the employee as well maintaining the necessary requirements to protect the organization. Determine the whistle blowing opportunities, obligations, and protections and how Allen would benefit. Since compounding pharmacies are not supposed to sell drugs in bulk for general use Allen has two opportunities to report CompCARE. First when CompCARE began advertising its services and the availability of AD23 to consumers and marketing the drug directly to hospitals, clinics, and physician offices. Second when CompCARE encouraged doctors to fax in lists of bogus patient names to get around this technicality. The manufacturing of drugs without the approval of the Federal Department of Agriculture is not only a violation but also a criminal act. Allen is obligated to provide assistance in the compilation of supporting evidence and must maintain the confidentiality of the case at all times. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act provides protection for whistleblowers who are employed in a publicly traded company such as a corporation like PharmaCARE from employer retaliation. There is no benefit for Allen to report CompCARE as his bonus would be in jeopardy as well as his position could very well be lost due to the company losing revenue from the illegal sales. Assess PharmaCARE’s environmental initiative against the backdrop of its anti-environmental lobbying efforts and Colberian activities. Examine if this renders the company’s purported environmental stewardship better or worse and if the company’s public stance should carry an obligation to be a leader in environmental matters. Even though PharmaCARE has some positive contributions with their charitable discounted and free drugs to low-income consumers and a foundation that sponsors healthcare educational programs and scholarships it has only been for show. They have proven to be hypocritical by literally stealing  Colebria’s indigenous cures without even compensating the people for their own natural discovery. PharmaCARE has created a reputation for having a positive impact on society and the environment. They have pledged to protect the environment through recycling, packaging changes and other green initiatives. However on the other hand, their lobbying efforts are actually trying to defeat environmental laws and regulations. PharmaCARE is engaging in a form of green marketing which is used to promote the perception that an organizations products, aims and policies are environmentally friendly, also known as greenwashing. Greenwashing efforts can range from changing the name or label of a product to evoke the natural environment on a product that contains harmful chemicals to multimillion dollar advertising campaigns portraying highly polluting energy companies as eco-friendly. They want to appear to be doing everything environmentally friendly and socially responsible. However, it’s all a parse in so much that they are exploiting the people of Colberia due to the low standard of living in Colberia. PharmaCARE’s activities in Colberia shine light on the fact that they only care as long as it doesn’t affect their profit margin. As the book states, â€Å"The real corporate responsibility of companies which claim to be responsible to not only focus on their own internal policies, but to also think about changing the rules of the game and creating a more level playing field which makes it possible for all firms to behave more responsibly.† (Halbert, T., Ingulli, E.) p. 221. PharmaCARE’s purported environmental stewardship has been rendered moot by their lack of care for the Colberian environment to their negligence of maintaining a healthy work environment in their production facilities. PharmaCARE does have an obligation to be a leader in environmental matters in so much that the company’s public stance has been that they are a leader in environmental matters. Analyze the original purpose of and the changes to Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). Determine which provision(s) of CERCLA apply to PharmaCARE in the scenario provided. The original purpose of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) was to provide broad Federal authority to respond directly to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances that may endanger the public health and the environment. The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liabilities Act, commonly known as the Superfund  the fun, was enacted by Congress to collect a tax for cleaning up abandoned or uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. The Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) amended the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) on October 17, 1986. SARA reflected EPAs experience in administering the complex Superfund program during its first six years and made several important changes and additions to the program. SARA stressed the importance of permanent remedies and innovative treatment technologies in cleaning up hazardous waste sites. Required Superfund actions to consider the standards and requirements found in other State and Federal environmental laws and regulations. Provided new enforcement authorities and settlement tools and increased State involvement in every phase of the Superfund program. Increased the focus on human health problems posed by hazardous waste sites, encouraged greater citizen participation in making decisions on how sites should be cleaned up and increased the size of the trust fund to $8.5 billion. Since the origination of the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act its authority has extended to include violations that would affect or that may eventually affect the public’s health and welfare of humans. The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act also enabled the revision the National Contingency Plan. The National Contingency Plan provides the guidelines and procedures needed on how to respond to releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants. The National Contingency Plan also created the National Priorities List. The National Priorities List is a guide for the Environmental Protections Agency on how to establish whether or not a release or intended release of chemicals needs further investigation. Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act it could be stretched to say that PharmaCARE has violated the provision of endangering the public. The public health was violated when manufactured drugs were offered to the public which had not been approved by the Federal Drug Administration. This is made clear by the individuals who have taken the drugs, have become ill and have had heart attacks. Secondly, CompCARE was selling to individuals on a prescription basis which clearly violates the nature of a compounding pharmacy where products are made specifically for that individual utilizing the medication. PharmaCARE has made false  claims and marketed drugs illegally to individuals, hospitals, clinics and doctors’ which can also be inferred to have caused a public hazard.

Sunday, April 5, 2020

11 Memorial

Arads Vision for the National 9/11 Memorial Rebuilding anything is hard work. Nearly two years after the 9-11 terrorist attacks, New York developers announced a challenge - design a memorial for a shocked and grieving nation. Anyone could enter the competition. Entries poured in from architects, artists, students, and other creative people around the world. A panel of 13 judges reviewed 5,201 proposals. It took six months to select the designs of eight finalists. Behind closed doors, one of the judges, Maya Lin, praised a simple memorial originally titled Reflecting Absence. The 34-year-old  architect, Michael Arad, had never built anything larger than a police station. Yet submission 790532, Arads model for the memorial, stayed in the hearts and minds of the judges. Michael Arads Vision Michael Arad had served in the Israeli Army, studied at Dartmouth College and Georgia Tech, and eventually settled in New York. On September 11, 2001, he stood on the roof of his Manhattan apartment building and watched the second plane strike the World Trade Center. Haunted, Arad began sketching plans for a memorial long before the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) launched their competition. Arads concept for Reflecting Absence featured two 30-foot deep voids, symbolizing the absence of the fallen Twin Towers. Ramps would lead down to underground galleries where visitors could stroll past cascading waterfalls and pause at the plaques engraved with the names of those who died. Arads design was truly three-dimensional, with subterranean features as pronounced as those at street level. The design, Arad later told Places magazine, drew inspiration from the simple, sculptural work of architects Louis Kahn, Tadao Ando, and Peter Zumthor. Although the judges admired Michael Arads entry, they felt that it needed more work. They encouraged Arad to join forces with California landscape architect Peter Walker. By all reports, the partnership was rocky. However, in the spring of 2004 the team unveiled an expanded plan that incorporated a scenic plaza with trees and walkways. Trouble Looms for the 9/11 Memorial Critics responded to the 9/11 Memorial plans with mixed reviews. Some called Reflecting Absence moving and healing. Others said that the waterfalls were impractical and the deep pits hazardous. Still others protested the idea of memorializing the dead in a space located underground. To make matters worse, Michael Arad butted heads with architects in charge of the New York reconstruction projects. Daniel Libeskind, master planner for the World Trade Center site, said that Reflecting Absence did not harmonize with his own Memory Foundations design vision. The architects chosen for the underground National 9/11 Museum, J. Max Bond, Jr. and others from the Davis Brody Bond architecture firm, came on board and tweaked Arads subsurface memorial design - apparently against Arads wishes. After stormy meetings and construction delays, cost estimates for the memorial and the museum soared to nearly $1 billion. In May 2006, New York Magazine reported that Arads memorial teeters on the brink of collapse. Michael Arads Dream Triumphs The World Trade Center towers (the  skyscrapers) and the Transportation Hub are the business end of what is built at Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan. Early on, however, politicians, historians, and community leaders knew that a good part of the real estate had to be dedicated to the people affected by the terrorist tragedy. This meant a memorial and museum within one of the largest spaces set aside for redevelopment. Who was involved? Architects of the underground museum (Davis Brody Bond); architects of the aboveground pavilion entrance to the museum (Snà ¸hetta); architect of the memorial (Arad); landscape architect for the memorial / museum plaza area (Walker); and the architect of the Master Plan (Libeskind). Compromise is the cornerstone of every great project. Like Libeskinds dramatically altered Vertical World Garden, Reflecting Absence saw many transformations. Its now known as the National September 11 Memorial. The names of those who died areinscribed on the bronze parapet on the plaza level, instead of in underground galleries. Many other features that Arad wanted have been modified or eliminated. Still, his core vision - deep voids and rushing water - remains intact. Architects Michael Arad and Peter Walker worked with a water architect and many engineers to construct the enormous waterfalls. Family members or victims remained actively involved as they deliberated over the arrangement of the engraved names. On September 11, 2011, ten years after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, a formal dedication ceremony marked the completion of the National 9/11 Memorial. The underground museum by Davis Brody Bond and the aboveground atrium pavilion by Snà ¸hetta opened in May 2014. Together, all of the architectural elements are known as the National September 11 Memorial Museum. The Memorial by Arad and Walker is an open park space, free to the public. The underground museum, includingthe infamous slurry wall that holds back the Hudson River, is open for a fee. The September 11 memorial site is designed to honor the nearly 3,000 people who were killed in New York, Pennsylvania, and at the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, and also the six people who died when terrorists bombed the New York World Trade Center on February 26, 1993. More generally, the National 9/11 Memorial speaks out against terrorism everywhere and offers a promise of renewal. Who Is Michael Arad? Michael Sahar Arad was one of six recipients of the Young Architects Award given by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) in 2006. By 2012 Arad was one of fifteen Architects of Healing receiving a special AIA medal for his Reflecting Absence design of the National 9/11 Memorial in New York City. Arad was born in Israel, 1969, and served in the Israeli Military from 1989 to 1991. He arrived in the US in 1991 to go to school, earning a BA in Government from Dartmouth College (1994) and a Masters in Architecture from Georgia Institute of Technology (1999). He signed on with Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF) from 1999 to 2002, and after 9-11 worked for the New York City Housing Authority from 2002 to 2004. Since 2004 Arads been a partner at Handel Architects LLP. In the Words of Michael Arad Im proud to be an American. I was not born in this country, nor was I born to American parents. Becoming an American was something I chose to do, and Im so grateful for that privilege because I love the values of this country and Im grateful for the opportunities this country has given me first as a student and then as an architect. America epitomizes for me liberty and equality, tolerance and a belief in shared sacrifices. It is a noble social experiment that depends on every generations engagement and belief in it. The design of the Memorial of the World Trade Center is a physical manifestation of these values and beliefs. It is a design formed by my experiences in New York in the aftermath of the attacks, where I witnessed the remarkable response of the City as a community, united in its most trying hour; united in compassion and courage, determined and stoic. The public spaces of the City - places like Union Square and Washington Square - were the sites where this incredible civic response took shape, and, in fact, it could not have taken shape without them. These public spaces informed and gave shape to the response of its citizens and their design is open democratic forms reflect our shared values and beliefs in a civic and democratic society based on freedom, liberty, and yet even the individual pursuit of happiness what else is a pursuit of solace in the face of grief. Public spaces form our shared responses and our understanding of ourselves and our place within society, not as spectators, but as participants, as engaged citizens, as a community of people united by a shared destiny. What better way to respond to that attack and to honor the memory of those who perished than to construct another vessel for that community, another public space, a new forum, a place that affirms our values and imparts them to us and to future generations. It has been a remarkable privilege and responsibility to be part of this effort. I am humbled and honored to be part of it, and I am grateful for the recognition this award bestows on the efforts of my colleagues and myself. Thank you very much. - Architects of Healing Ceremony, American Institute of Architects, May 19, 2012, Washington, D.C. Sources for This Article: Reflecting Absence, commentary by Michael Arad from Places magazine, May 2009 (at http://places.designobserver.com/media/pdf/Reflecting_Abs_1162.pdf)The Breaking of Michael Arad, New York magazineCost and Safety Put Memorials Striking Vision at Risk, New York TimesReflecting Absence: Exploring The 9/11 Memorial, Huffington Post9/11 Memorial Nears Completion, Ending Complicated, Contentious Process at old.gothamgazette.com/article/arts/20110714/1/3565, Gotham GazetteIroning Out Where to Purpose 9/11†²s Iconic Steel Cross, New York Observer9/11 Memorial Official SiteLower Manhattan Development Corporation (LMDC) at www.lowermanhattan.info/construction/project_updates/world_trade_center_memorial_93699.aspxThe Port Authority website at www.panynj.gov/wtcprogress/memorial-museum.htmlLower Manhattan Construction Command Center Project Update at lowermanhattan.info/construction/project_updates/world_trade_center_memorial_93699.aspx

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Psychological Properties of Colors

Psychological Properties of Colors Introduction Many books and articles have been aimed at examining the psychology of color, but not all of them are of high quality. This paper will review the article Psychological Properties of Colors written by Angela Wright (2011). Overall, it is hardly appropriate for students or scholars, because the author does not provide any evidence to support her claims. Moreover, many of the writer’s statements are not even testable.Advertising We will write a custom critical writing sample on Psychological Properties of Colors specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Relevance The information presented by the author cannot be of any use to a person who studies psychology. The author uses concepts and makes statements that cannot be considered scientific or even testable. For instance, the writer says, â€Å"Blue is the colour of the mind and is essentially soothing; it affects us mentally, rather than the physical reaction we have to redâ €  (Wright, 2011, unpaged). The article is full of such sentences, and one cannot say that they are psychological statements that identify relationships between causes and effects. Thus, they are not relevant to any particular field. Expertise of the author The article does not provide information about the educational background of Angela Wright. In contrast, peer-reviewed studies usually tell the readers much more about the authors (Martinez Peterson, 2008, p. 78). I learned that she studies psychoanalytical psychology and later began research on unconscious effects of color (Scanlan, 2011, p. 255). Viewpoint of Author/Organization Intended Audience Angela Wright (2011) supports an idea that the use of color can reflect the inner world of a person. For instance, she argues that grey color can be associated with depression or lack of confidence (Wright, 2011, unpaged). Yet, psychologists are usually very cautious when they discuss the connections between color and personality b ecause it is difficult to prove such connections empirically (Picard Lebaz 2011, p. 187). For instance, in their study Delphine Picard and Samuel Lebaz (2011) report that only continuous use of dark colors during free drawing can be linked to a negative emotional state (p. 187). However, in most cases, there is no evidence to say that colors can reflect personality. Thus, Angela Wright’s views are not always supported by researchers. Additionally, this article is intended for people who do not know very much about the peculiarities of color perception. One can also assume that these readers do not study this question at a professional level.Advertising Looking for critical writing on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Evidence Probably, the most significant limitation is the lack of evidence. The writer does not provide any empirical evidence showing that color can be associated with a specific mood, personality type, or emotions. The author does not refer to any studies that can help readers verify the information presented in the article. Thus, Angela Wright does not back up any of her claims. This is the critical drawback of this article. When published It has to be admitted that this article has been published fairly recently, namely in 2011. However, the limitations that have already been identified completely invalidate the ideas that Angela Wright expresses. Reference List Martinez, D. Peterson, T. (2008). Kaplan Technical Writing: A Resource for  Technical Writers at All Levels. New York: Kaplan Publishing. Picard, D., Lebaz, S. (2010). Symbolic use of size and color in freehand drawing of the tree: myth or reality?. Journal Of Personality Assessment, 92(2), 186-188. Scanlan, N. (2011). Complementary Medicine for Veterinary Technicians and  Nurses. London: John Wiley Sons. Wright, A. (2011). Psychological Properties of Colors. Retrieved from: colour-affects.co.uk /psychological-properties-of-colours

Friday, February 21, 2020

Spss work and analysis Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Spss work and analysis - Coursework Example The complete data is fed through MS Excel and converted to SPSS 16.0. Suitable tables are presented depicting the influence of each variable on unemployment. Regression Analysis: The regression is measure of functional relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variable(s). Here in this study, we consider the unemployment as dependent variable and the other variables such as real GDP, Net Export, investment and consumption as independent variables individually since the unemployment depends on all the other influencing and independent variables. The data is analyzed through SPSS 16.0 package and the procedure adopted is linear regression with all the independent variables taken individually. The real values are itself considered instead of log or ln of the variables since they showed more significant correlations better than that of log or ln of the variables and also many values are missing for log or ln of the variable Net Export since the original values are negative. The data is secondary data collected through internet from the year 1995 to year 2010 for 16 years for each quarter (totally 64 values). Table 1: Table representing the descriptive statistics of the variables under study Descriptive Statistics Variable Descriptives Value Std. Error unemployment Mean 1810.4688 45.87412 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound 1718.7966 Upper Bound 1902.1409 Median 1675.5000 Variance 134683.840 Std. Deviation 366.99297 Minimum 1392.00 Maximum 2485.00 Range 1093.00 Skewness 0.748 0.299 Kurtosis -0.953 0.590 real GDP Mean 298521.3906 4084.62665 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound 290358.9156 Upper Bound 306683.8657 Median 302297.0000 Variance 1067787189.480 Std. Deviation 32677.01317 Minimum 238611.00 Maximum 344809.00 Range 106198.00 Skewness -0.350 0.299 Kurtosis -1.189 0.590 Net Export Mean -5819.9062 657.69968 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound -7134.2142 Upper Bound -4505.5983 Median -7470.0000 Variance 2768440 7.991 Std. Deviation 5261.59748 Minimum -13985.00 Maximum 4492.00 Range 18477.00 Skewness 0.596 0.299 Kurtosis -0.925 0.590 Investment Mean 28364.5781 665.84459 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound 27033.9939 Upper Bound 29695.1624 Median 28858.0000 Variance 28374337.486 Std. Deviation 5326.75675 Minimum 17033.00 Maximum 45721.00 Range 28688.00 Skewness 0.090 0.299 Kurtosis 1.095 0.590 Consumption Mean 182284.2812 2985.04017 95% Confidence Interval for Mean Lower Bound 176319.1545 Upper Bound 188249.4080 Median 187349.5000 Variance 570269748.809 Std. Deviation 23880.32137 Minimum 137588.00 Maximum 213214.00 Range 75626.00 Skewness -0.468 0.299 Kurtosis -1.208 0.590 Table 2: Table representing regression analysis Independent variables real GDP Net Export Investment Consumption R 0.306 0.493 0.515 0.306 R2 0.094 0.243 0.265 0.093 Adj R2 0.079 0.231 0.253 0.079 Standard Error of the estimate 352.16 321.89 317.11 352.24 F 6.42* 19.89** 22.381** 6.39 Significance of F 0.014* 0.00 0** 0.000 0.014* Constant 2837.493** 2010.53** 2816.90** 2666.74** Regression coefficient -0.03* 0.034** -0.035** -0.005* Interpretation: From the above regression output, it is concluded that real GDP has a significant influence on unemployment (with probability